Women, Pregnancy and Gum Disease

New research has confirmed that periodontal disease is tied to an elevated risk of several types of oral cancer especially in mature women. Good dental care is a life long tool for maintaining good health that starts with learning to brush as a child. During puberty, an increased level of hormones, such as progesterone and estrogen, may cause an increase in the periodontal sensitivity and lead to poor brushing habits. Adding special tooth paste designed to reduce sensitivity to your daughters brushing routine is ideal. If she wants to have children later in life, going into pregnancy with healthy gums is important. Special care should be taken to monitor periodontal disease, or gum disease in pregnant women. Similar to puberty, the hormones associated with pregnancy can make some women susceptible to gum problems such as gum inflammation during the second trimester. Symptoms include swelling of the gums and bleeding, particularly when brushing or flossing. Leaving the condition untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss, pregnancy epulis or pyogenic granuloma. Pregnancy can be full of lots of doctors appointments and one more appointment can feel like one appointment too many. But if you have gum problems during pregnancy, it is important to get your gums checked by a dentist after you have given birth. While most types of gum problems caused by pregnancy hormones resolve after birth, a small number of women may have developed a deeper level of gum disease that will need treatment to resolve.